Seminole Wars

Army Surgeon Reports on Lower East Coast, 1838

by James F. Sunderman.
Tequesta, no. X (1950)
Excerpts from Dr. Jacob Rhette Motte's journal, in which he presents his observations on Fort Dallas, the Everglades and the Florida Keys during the Second Seminole War.

A Canoe Expedition into the Everglades in 1842

by George Henry Preble.
Tequesta, no. V (1945)
George Henry Preble's journal, written during the 1842 expedition led by Lieutenant John Rodgers across the Everglades, around Lake Okeechobee, and partially up the Kissimmee River and Fisheating Creek.

Cape Florida Light

by Charles M. Brookfield.
Tequesta, no. IX (1949)
History of the Cape Florida lighthouse 1915. Includes John Thompson's first person account of the burning of the lighthouse in July 1836.

Chakaika and the “Spanish Indians”

Documentary Sources Compared with Seminole Tradition
by William C. Sturtevant.
Tequesta, no. xiii (1953)
Comparison of primary resources and oral tradition concerning 19th century mixed ancestry Indians (ie, Spanish-Seminole). The author uses as his example the Seminole Wars warrior Chakaika, his raid on Indian Key, and Harney's subsequent killing of Chakaika in the Everglades.

Christmas Day in Florida, 1837

by Floyd Monk.
Tequesta, no. xxxviii (1978)
History of the Battle of Okeechobee.

Exploring the Ten Thousand Islands in 1838

edited by James W. Covington.
Tequesta, no. xviii (1958)
Reprint of a report written by Dr. Thomas Lawson, concerning an 1838 military scouting expedition to Cape Sable and the Ten Thousand Islands.

“The Firing of Guns and Crackers Continued Till Light”

A Diary of the Billy Bowlegs War
edited with commentary by Gary R. Mormino.
Tequesta, no. xlv (1985)
Excerpts from the diary of an unidentified pioneer living in Tampa during the Third Seminole War. Excerpts written between 1855 an 1856.

Fort Dallas and the Naval Depot on Key Biscayne, 1836-1926

by Nathan D. Shappee.
Tequesta, no. xxi (1961)

Henry Perrine, Pioneer Horticulturist of Florida

by T. Ralph Robinson.
Biographical sketch, description of the Indian Key Massacre, and discussion of his plant introductions to the Keys, especially sisal and limes.

Indian Key

by Michael G. Schene.
Tequesta, no. xxxvi (1976)
Topics covered include Jacob Housman, Henry Perrine, the Indian Key Massacre and habitation of the key until 1885.

The Indian Scare of 1849

by James W. Covington.
Tequesta, no. xxi (1961)
Describes two acts of violence, one near Fort Pierce and the other near Charlotte Harbor, made by a few Seminoles acting without tribal approval, and subsequent reactions among whites and Seminoles. War was averted.

Last Command: The Dade Massacre

by W. S. Steele.
Tequesta, no. xlvi (1986)
History of the December 1835 battle from which Dade County derives its name.

Lieutenant Hartsuff and the Banana Plants

by Ray B. Seley, Jr.
Tequesta, no. xxiii (1963)
In 1855 Lieutenant Hartsuff led an expedition into the Everglades, in which one of his men destroyed Billy Bowlegs' banana plants. Bowlegs attacked the party the following day, thus launching the Third Seminole War.

Not a Shot Fired : Fort Chokonikla and the 'Indian War' of 1849-1850

by Michael G. Schene.
Tequesta, no. xxxvii (1977)
History of the 1849 Seminole Indian attack on the Indian River, just north of Fort Pierce, and the subsequent construction of Fort Chokonikla.

Notes on the Passage Across the Everglades

from The News, St. Augustine, January 8, 1841.
Tequesta, no. xx (1960)
A first-person account of the 1840 raid led by Colonel William S. Harney from Fort Dallas across the Everglades to Chakaika's Island, , resulting in Chakaika's death.

The Perrines at Indian Key, Florida, 1838-1840

by Hester Perrine Walker.
Tequesta, no. VII (1947)
Hester Perrine Walker's memoir of the her family, life on Indian Key and the Indian Key massacre. The 1885 manuscript from which this excerpts are taken is in the collections of the Florida Historical Society.

Richard Keith Call’s 1836 Campaign

by George C. Bittle.
Tequesta, no. xxix (1969)
Concerns Governor Richard Keith Call's 1836 military campaign against the Seminole Indians during the Second Seminole War.

South Florida’s Prelude to War

Army Correspondence Concerning Miami, Fort Dallas, and the Everglades Prior to the Outbreak of the Third Seminole War, 1850-1855
[edited] by Christopher R. Eck.
Tequesta, no. LXII (2002)
Excerpts from military letters written between 1850 and 1855. The letters illuminate the details of the circumstances that led to the outbreak of the Third Seminole War and the importance of Fort Dallas to American military strategy.

This Happened at Fort Dallas, 1840

as told by Col. Loomis Langdon.
Update, vol. 3, no. 1 (October 1975)

William Adee Whitehead’s Reminiscences of Key West

edited by Thelma Peters.
Tequesta, no. xxv (1965)
Whitehead's memoir of Key West, where he lived 1828-1838, and of the Florida Keys. Includes Charles Howe's first-person account of the Indian Key Massacre, an 1831 description of the Cuban fishermen in Charlotte Harbor, and the lyrics to "The Florida Wrecker's Song."

William Shelby Harney: Indian Fighter

by Oliver Griswold.
Tequesta, no. IX (1949)
Harney's activities during the Black Hawk War, the Second Seminole War, the Mexican War and the Civil War.



Civil War

Blockade-running in the Bahamas during the Civil War

by Thelma Peters.
Tequesta, no. V (1945)

Captain Brannon’s Dilemma : Key West 1861

by Vaughan Camp, Jr.
Tequesta, no. xx (1960)
At the start of the Civil War, Captain James M. Brannan occupied Fort Taylor during the night, ensuring that Key West remain in Union hands throughout the war.

Miami During the Civil War: 1861-65

by Lt. James C. Staubach.
Tequesta, no. LIII (1993)

On Blockade Duty in Florida Waters

edited by William J. Schellings.
Tequesta, no. xv (1955)
Excerpts from Dr. Walter Keeler diary, written while working as a surgeon aboard a gunboat that was blockading the Florida coasts during the Civil War.

Robert E. Lee and the Civil War

by Bruce Catton.
Tequesta, no. xxi (1961)

Stronghold of the Straits

a Short History of Fort Zachary Taylor
by Ames W. Williams.
Tequesta, no. xiv (1954)

Volunteers’ Report Destruction of Lighthouses

edited by Dorothy Dodd.
Tequesta, no. xiv (1954)
Reprint of letter to Florida governor M. S. Perry describing how the Jupiter and Cape Florida lights were extinguished in 1861, at the start of the Civil War.


Spanish-Cuban-American War

The Battle of Santiago

by Thelma Peters.
Update, vol. 4, no. 1 (October 1976)
Remembering the Spanish-American War during the Dade County Fair.

Fort Brickell and the Battle

by Arva Moore Parks.
Update, vol. 3, no. 1 (October 1975)

Hell's Angel: Eleanor Kinzie Gordon's Wartime Summer of 1898

by Jacqueline E. Clancy.
Tequesta, no. LXIII (2003)
Summarizes Gordon's work establishing and administering a convalescent hospital at Camp Miami during the Spanish-American War.
Wife of General William Gordon, who was stationed at Camp Miami. Mother of Girl Scouts founder Juliette (Daisy) Gordon Low, who assisted her mother at Camp Miami.

Key West and the Spanish American War

by William J. Schellings.
Tequesta, no. xx (1960)

Soldiers in Miami, 1898

by William J. Schellings.
Tequesta, no. xvii (1957)

Watch Miami: The Miami Metropolis and the Spanish-American War

by Thomas F. Fleischmann.
Tequesta, no. xlvii (1987)
An analysis of The Miami Metropolis' coverage of the Spanish-American War, especially of the military encampment in Miami.


World War I

Chapman Field: The Evolution of a South Dade Army Airdrome

by Raymond G. McGuire
Tequesta, no. LXI (2001)
History of Chapman Field, as a training air base during World Wars I and II, and as a USDA agricultural experiment station.

Our Marjory Conquers the United States Navy

by Leonard G. Pardue.
Update, vol. 1, no. 4 (April 1974)
Marjory Stoneman Douglas joins the Navy during World War I.

Three Short Histories

Dinner Key at War, by Marie Anderson.
Jubilation—The War’s Over!, by Thelma Peters.
Reflections on Black History, by Dorothy Jenkins Fields. [African Americans during World War I]
Update, vol. 3, no. 1 (October 1975)


World War II

Chapman Field: The Evolution of a South Dade Army Airdrome

by Raymond G. McGuire
Tequesta, no. LXI (2001)
History of Chapman Field, as a training air base during World Wars I and II, and as a USDA agricultural experiment station.

Midas Returns : Miami Goes to War, 1941-1945

by Dr. Gary M. Mormino.
Tequesta, no. LVII (1997)
How World War II affected Miami-Dade County. Topics include German submarines, military training, aviation, tourism, African Americans, and women.

Richmond Naval Station, 1942-1961

by David MacFie.
Tequesta, no. xxxvii (1977)
Blimps docked at Richmond Field, located at present-day Metrozoo and Gold Coast Railroad Museum, until the 1945 hurricane destroyed the base. After World War II, the site was used by various agencies for various purposes, including University of Miami classrooms and an agricultural laboratory.

World War II Special Issue

Update, vol. 8, no. 4 (November 1981)
Miami, 1941-1945: From VIP Suites to GI Barracks, by Daniel Markus.
Letters from Miami, by Eleanor Hazlett [written in Miami during World War II]
From an Old Diary, by Thelma Peters. [written during World War II]